Last edited by Kaktilar
Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Plutonium for Japan"s nuclear reactors found in the catalog.

Plutonium for Japan"s nuclear reactors

paying both the proliferation and dollar price to assure long-term fuel supply

by Kenneth A. Solomon

  • 328 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, CA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Japan.
    • Subjects:
    • Plutonium industry -- Japan.,
    • Nuclear industry -- Japan.,
    • Nuclear power plants -- Japan.,
    • Nuclear nonproliferation.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementKenneth Alvin Solomon.
      ContributionsCarnegie Corporation of New York.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD9539.P583 J37 1993
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxi, 32 p. :
      Number of Pages32
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1402339M
      ISBN 10083301367X
      LC Control Number93010298

        Article: Japan's Earthquake Equal to One Million Kiloton Nuclear Weapon - The Japanese nuclear reactor killing Earthquake Ma had the Energy of a 1,, Kiloton Nuclear Weapon.   Capability does not necessarily mean creation. Japan is technologically proficient in nuclear technology with an advanced nuclear energy sector as well as plutonium processing facilities to prolong the nuclear fuel cycle (Hughes , p. 82; Kamiya ). It is estimated that Japan owns 44 tons of separated unirradiated plutonium (Rauf ).


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Plutonium for Japan"s nuclear reactors by Kenneth A. Solomon Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Plutonium for Japan's nuclear reactors: paying both the proliferation and dollar price to assure long-term fuel supply.

[Kenneth A Solomon; Carnegie Corporation of New York.] -- Adequate supplies of electricity have allowed Japan to make impressive economic advances.

But Japan can sustain these advances only with assured supplies of fuel. After the March nuclear disaster at Fukushima, where a tsunami resulted in meltdown at three nuclear reactors on site, Tokyo reorganized its nuclear regulatory process and increased standards.

Plutonium, a key element of nuclear weapons, has been an issue in U.S.-Japan relations for decades. During the administration of Jimmy Carter, the Japanese government pressed Washington for permission to process spent reactor fuel of U.S. origin so that the resulting plutonium could be used for experiments with fast breeder nuclear reactors.

Japan's policy of basing its nuclear power program on reprocessed plutonium has aroused widespread suspicion that Japan is secretly planning to develop nuclear weapons. This book presents the views of a leading Plutonium for Japans nuclear reactors book proponent of the reprocessing policy, Atsuyuki Suzuki, professor of nuclear engineering at Tokyo University; a leading critic 1/5(1).

Milton Hoenig, “Production and Planned Use of Plutonium in Japan’s Nuclear Power Reactors During Plutonium for Japans nuclear reactors book Base Period of the Proposed U.S.-Japan Agreement” (statement before the U.S.

House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs hearing on the United States-Japan Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, March 2, ). O n May 30thJapan’s Supreme Court, in a stunning reversal of a lower court ruling, declared the Monju fast-breeder reactor plant in Fukui Prefecture was safe enough to operate.

Monju, which is designed to burn the world’s deadliest substance, plutonium, had been shut down since a December accident in which a secondary cooling pipe burst.

The Japanese program to develop nuclear weapons was conducted during World War the German nuclear weapons program, it suffered from an array of problems, Plutonium for Japans nuclear reactors book was ultimately unable to progress beyond the laboratory stage before the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender in August Today, Japan's nuclear energy.

Written by Arnie Gundersen. The six atomic power reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear site were severely damaged 9-years ago when a Richter 9 earthquake in the Pacific Ocean occurred at 2 p.m. on Ma ravaging the nuclear reactors, flooding safety systems, and causing three atomic power meltdowns.

Scientists warn of risks from spent-fuel cooling pools and plutonium-rich, mixed-oxide fuel inside one nuclear reactor, even as the No. 1 and No. Update On Japan's Nuclear Reactors As continued attempts are made to cool the reactors and spent fuel rod pools at Japan's Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear facility, host Ira Flatow and guests discuss.

With a large store of plutonium, Japan mainly relies on Britain and France to recover plutonium from nuclear waste. Weapon-grade plutonium is nearly pure plutoniumwhereas the plutonium in commercial fuel is much lower in plutonium and higher in the isotopes that are undesirable for weapons use.

Japan’s Nuclear Fever mountain in Australia" than to build breeder reactors and fuel them with plutonium produced at Rokkasho. without having to burn oil," he wrote in his book on.

Unit 3 of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (福島第一原子力発電所3号機の建設 Fukushima Daiichi Genshiryoku Hatsudensho Sangoki no Kensetsu) was one of the reactors in operation on 11 Marchwhen the plant was struck by the tsunami produced by the Tohoku the aftermath, the reactor experienced hydrogen gas explosions and suffered a Coordinates: 37°25′17″N °1′57″E.

We reported in Nuclear Monitor in October that Japan has abandoned plans to restart the ill-fated Monju fast reactor. 1 That decision calls into question the rationale for Japan's ongoing development of reprocessing (in particular the partially-built Rokkasho plant). In the absence of a fast-reactor rationale, the only use for plutonium separated at Rokkasho would be.

Beware Japan’s Coming Nuclear Problem: Report The Diplomat October 6, A surplus of Japanese plutonium over the next few years could pose significant nuclear dangers for the region and the world unless it is addressed now, a new report released this week by a Washington, D.C.-based think tank has warned.

Enrichment and reprocessing activities are considered sensitive because they can be used to make fuel for power reactors and produce the explosive material for nuclear weapons. Japan had more than 47 tons of plutonium as ofenough to produce around 6, nuclear warheads. Struggling With Japan’s Nuclear Waste, Six Years After Disaster Each form of waste at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, where three reactors melted down after an earthquake and a.

In the wake of Ma () natural and nuclear disasters, centred on the Fukushima Daiichi plant, Kono became well-known among international observers as a strong opponent of the domestic nuclear village and its plans to increase Japan’s dependence on nuclear to over 50% of power by as well as recycle waste in breeder reactors.

Japan’s Nuclear Cover-up Continues, Nine Years after the Fukushima Disaster. Ma Written by Arnie Gundersen. The six atomic power reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear site were severely damaged 9-years ago when a Richter 9 earthquake in the Pacific Ocean occurred at 2 p.m.

on Ma ravaging the nuclear reactors, flooding. Nuclear power is likely to be part of Japan for some time to come, even though just two of its 50 functioning reactors are operating and Japan recently pledged to phase out nuclear power by the on: Kasturi Building, Anna Salai,Mount Road, Chennai,Tamil Nadu.

These new reactors were the plutonium breeder reactors. About 1% of the waste produced by normal reactors is plutonium. Breeder reactors were designed to use plutonium (pu) as fuel in a process that would convert readily available uranium into pu, which could then be used for refueling thereby replacing uranium   Other than China, Japan is currently planning more nuclear plants than any other country, and it is pursuing the full nuclear cycle, including the operation of fast-breeder reactors to produce plutonium, one of which, Monju, had to be shut down for 15 years — from to — after a major sodium coolant leak.

Plutonium is considered a substantially more dangerous nuclear fuel, and the Japanese MOX program was delayed for more than a decade because of local opposition and the Author: Derek Lazzaro. Japan's Well-Placed Nuclear Power Advocates Swat Away Opponents.

array of new reactors fueled by its plutonium faced huge technical challenges, posed a major proliferation risk, and probably. In recent weeks, radiation levels have spiked at the Fukushima nuclear power reactors in Japan, with recorded levels of 10, millisieverts per hour (mSv/hr) at one spot.

UPDATE PM EST SATURDAY 3/ Via the Nuclear Energy Institute, the trade group representing the nuclear industry in the US, the IAEA is listing the situation at Fukushima Daiichi as a level 4 Author: Josh Harkinson. As an aftermath of the 3/11 nuclear accident inJapan shut down all of its 48 nuclear reactors and they remain inactive at present.

Recently two reactors at Satsuma-Sendai in Kagoshima Prefecture got a nod of approval from the Nuclear Regulation Authority indicating the reactors have met the current, far more stringent, safety regulations.

Japan has 48 existing nuclear reactors (the United States hasand China 23) for power generation. Pronuclear sentiments have led Japan to build the world’s third largest fleet of nuclear reactors. Its newest and most imposing facility is at Rokkasho on Japan’s northeast coast, a fast-breeder plutonium reactor.

Several of Fukushima Daiichi's reactors are spewing radioactive material, but just one contains the even more toxic MOX fuel. Eve Conant reports on the controversial mixture of uranium and plutonium—and the likelihood of its dispersal into the air. Plus, full coverage of Japan's nuclear crisisAuthor: Eve Conant.

VOX POPULI: Flimsy excuses by nuclear plant operators are unacceptable, Vox Populi, Vox Dei is a daily column that runs on Page 1 of The Asahi Shimbun., Ap. three operators of nuclear power plants, seeking an extension of a very different kind of deadline, found the Nuclear Regulation Authority to be quite.

The Japanese plant is superior to any previous nuclear fuel recycling plant because it never isolates pure plutonium, reactor grade or otherwise. This is a wonderful approach that accomplishes. As heroic workers and soldiers strive to save stricken Japan from a new horror--radioactive fallout--some truths known for 40 years bear repeating.

An earthquake-and-tsunami zone crowded with million people is an unwise place for 54 reactors. The s design of five Fukushima-I reactors has the smallest safety margin and probably can't contain 90% of. Plutonium can be deadly to humans in even tiny doses, and at least one of the reactors now at risk at the Fukushima-Daiichi complex #3, uses plutonium in its fuel.

The current reactors can only be loaded with about a third of nuclear fuel being the MOX type which contains plutonium. MOX fuel is very expensive. Back in January, there was a symposium in Tokyo which discussed "Japan's massive stockpile of plutonium which casts a huge shadow over nonproliferation efforts.".

Japan's decision to restart its idle nuclear reactors should be understood together with two other important components of the back end of its nuclear fuel cycle, namely reprocessing and plu-thermal because nuclear power generation, reprocessing, and plu-thermal together make up the trinity in Japan's national plan for securing nuclear energy.

Maggie Gundersen, Editor Ma Written by Arnie Gundersen The six atomic power reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear site were severely damaged 9-years ago when a Richter 9 earthquake in the Pacific Ocean occurred at 2 p.m.

on Ma ravaging the nuclear reactors, flooding safety systems, and causing three atomic. Situated near the Cumbrian village of DRIGG, Sellafield-Windscale was established with the creation of the Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF) by the Ministry of Supply in It was the perfect way to create plutonium for nuclear bombs and poison the Labour-voting population of Cumbria and the North in general.

Japan currently operates 55 nuclear power plants, up from 32 inthat supply nearly 35 percent of its electricity needs. The government plans to raise the share of energy generated by nuclear power to 41 percent by Since two nuclear power reactors have started up with six more currently slated for installation or expansion.

[NOTE: On 06 April Liberal Party president Ichiro Ozawa created a furor claiming that Japan - to deter Chinese threats - could produce "thousands of nuclear warheads" from plutonium extracted from the spent fuel of its more than 50 commercial nuclear reactors.

Ozawa said that "if [China] gets too inflated, Japanese people will get hysterical. It would be so easy for us to. Nuclear Terrorism Risks in Northeast Asia: Japan’s Reactor Restart and Spent Fuel. Introduction. In the post-Fukushima era, spent fuel management is recognized as a significant contributor to increased risk of nuclear terrorism.

In the immediate weeks after the tsunami-earthquake, the situation at the spent fuel pools at Fukushima unit 1 was. A month after the Ma a earthquake triggered a foot tsunami that damaged several nuclear reactors in northeastern Japan, causing the country's worst crisis since World War II, a   Japan’s Nuclear Nightmare A recent fatal accident in a nuclear power plant in Mihama highlighted many often neglected aspects of nuclear plant safety and power regulation in Japan.

Plants are now older and inspections less thorough, as utility companies seek to maximize operations and minimize costs in an age of deregulation.The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant comprised six separate boiling water reactors originally designed by General Electric (GE) and maintained by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO).

At the time of the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 MarchReactors 4, 5, and 6 were shut down in preparation for re-fueling. However, their spent fuel pools still required Location: Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.